I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

1. Укажите предложение, отражающее основную мысль прочитанного текста:- There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time.
- There exist two systems of measures and weights: the english system and the metric system, the later being more comvenient.
- The two basic notions - mass and weight - should not be confused with each other.

I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

2. Укажите заголовок, отражающий главную мысль прочитанного текста:- Measures
- The systems of measures and weights
- Two measuring systems

I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

3. Укажите предложение, не соответствующие содержанию текста:- The difference between mass and weight is that the former does not change with position whereas the latter does.
- The units of the English system were originally based on measuring some part of a person's body.
- Scientists preferably use the metric system because of its simplicity.
- Все предложения соответствуют содержанию текста.

I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

4. Пронумеруйте предложения в соответствии с ходом изложения:

1) The basic unit of length was set at one ten-million of the distance from the North Pole to the equator.

2) Weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth.

3) The units of measurements in England were originally developed for crafts and trades.- 1,2,3
- 1,3,2
- 2,1,3
- 2,3,1
- 3,1,2
- 3,2,1

I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

5. Определите абзац, в котором выражена основная идея текста:- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

6. Укажите абзац, в котором говорится о:

a) The English system of measures- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

6. Укажите абзац, в котором говорится о:

b) The metric system of measures- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

I. ТЕСТ НА ОЗНАКОМИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

6. Укажите абзац, в котором говорится о:

c) The measures of weight- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

1. Определите, какому из указанных вопросов уделяется особое внимание:- The origin of the English system of measures and weights
- The fundamentals of teh metric system
- The advantages of the metric system in comparison with the English one

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

2. Укажиет абзац, в котором говорится о:

a) The foundation of the metric system- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

2. Укажиет абзац, в котором говорится о:

b) The reasons why the metric system is of primary importance all over the world- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

2. Укажиет абзац, в котором говорится о:

c) The main measures of weight and their definitions- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

3. Определите, является ли утвержедение: "The English system though older in use has found little application in today's world".- ложным
- истинным
- в тексте нет информации

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

4. Укажите абзацы, в которых содержатся ответы на следующие вопросы:

a) What measuring units is the English system based on?- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

4. Укажите абзацы, в которых содержатся ответы на следующие вопросы:

b) Why is the metric system preferred by scientists all over the world?- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

4. Укажите абзацы, в которых содержатся ответы на следующие вопросы:

c) What is it important to know about mass and weight?- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

III. ТЕСТ НА ИЗУЧАЮЩЕЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

1. Закончите предложение, используя следующие варианты:

The English system of measuring units originated from:- different measurable parts of human body
- one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator
- the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

2. Расположите следующие предложения в последовательности, соответствующей издлжению текста:

a) An object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same.

b) The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter = 3.28 feet.

c) This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.- 1,2,3
- 1,3,2
- 2,1,3
- 2,3,1
- 3,1,2
- 3,2,1

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

3. Выберите ответы на вопрос, соответствующие содержанию текста:

Why does the metric system find such a wide-spread application ?

a) because the units varied from one person to another

b) due to its simplicity

c) because the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is easy- a), b)
- a), c)
- b), c)

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

4. Отметьте предложения, не относящиеся к тематике данного текста:- Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts
- The weight of an object changes with its position
- A neutron is an uncharged particle having the same mass as a proton

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

5. Укажите, какие пункты предлагаемого плана не относятся к содержанию данного текста:- The English system of measures
- The main notions of weight
- The metric system advantages

II. ТЕСТ НА ПОИСКОВОЕ ЧТЕНИЕ

There are three fundamental measurements: length, mass and time. There are two systems of length and mass: the English system and the metric system. The English system is based on units of measurements originally developed for crafts and trades. These units were usually based on some measurable part of a person’s body, such as the foot. This system was disorderly because the units varied from one person to another.

In the eighteenth century a group of French scientists devised the metric system. The basic unit of length was set at one ten-millionth of the distance from the North Pole to the equator. This unit is called the meter. The relationship between a foot and a meter is: 1 meter=3.28 feet. Instead of being subdivided into twelve parts, the meter is divided into one hundred parts, each of which is called a centimeter. Each centimeter is divided into ten parts, each called a millimeter. In summary: 1 meter(m)=100 centimeters, 1 centimeter=10millimeters, 1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters, 1 inch=2.54 centimeters, 1 foot=30.48 centimeters, 1 centimeter=0.39 inch, 1 meter=39.37 inches.

The metric system is preferred by scientists and others because of its simplicity. The metric system uses decimals, so the conversion of one unit of measurement to another is accomplished by simply moving the decimal point.

Mass should not be confused with weight. The mass of an object is a measure of the amount of matter in the object. This quantity does not change with position. The weight of an object does change with position. This is because weight is a measure of the force with which an object is attracted toward the earth (or some other body) by gravitation. Thus an object on the moon weighs only one-sixth of what it weighs on earth, but its mass is the same. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram (g). One thousand grams make up a kilogram (kg) which is equal to 2.20 pounds.

6. Укажите, какому из абзацев текста соответствует следующая идея:

The calculations in metric system are much easier to perform.- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4